A business can lease or rent a PBX from the telephone company, which maintains and services it for a monthly charge—or, from the 1990s, the business could buy and maintain its own PBX. All of these applications could be deployed over public networks, but companies may stand to gain greater benefits if their networks were eventually made private. Standalone LTE in unlicensed spectrum (MulteFire). With a PBX, internal calls never leave the office: It is, in effect, a private network, which connects to the public network only for external calls. To put this figure in context, 2 percent improvement is equivalent to the United Kingdom’s average productivity gain over the whole of the past decade.33. The next five years will likely see a boom in private 5G implementations at locations that would greatly benefit from better wireless technology—in terms of speed, capacity, latency, and more—right now. However, in the long term—over the next 10 to 15 years—5G may become the standard of choice in demanding environments, when flexibility is paramount, reliability is mandatory, or for installations that require massive sensor density. In his global role, Paul has authored over 80 TMT reports including Deloitte’s 15th annual Predictions for the Technology, Media and Telecommunications series. Ideally, every single high-value object in every single container could be tracked—potentially a million objects. One (admittedly hyperbolic) estimate projects that private wireless networks could eventually account for up to 14 million cellular base stations, which would be more than double the 7 million base stations currently operated by the world’s public mobile operators (although the price per site for enterprise cellular is likely to be lower than for public).41 Additional revenue opportunities can come from companies’ needs for service and support to maintain their private 5G networks. Medical instruments, from scales to blood pressure cuffs, would no longer need to stay in a fixed location to be connected,38 while doctors could access more sophisticated remote imaging and diagnosis capabilities from these devices. In trials, 5G has been able to deliver images to VR goggles with a 2880-by-1600-pixel display (equivalent to between HD and 4K resolution) with a refresh rate of 75 frames per second.30 This rapid frame rate is necessary to minimize goggle-related motion sickness.31. View in article. When fully deployed, the port will house 130 AGVs, 26 bridge cranes, and 120 rail-mounted gantry cranes, all operating remotely or autonomously. This report further helps demystify the hype surrounding 5G, recognizes the great potential of 5G and makes a host of recommendations designed to help policy-makers, regulators and operators work together effectively, both to meet the challenges and to benefit from the many opportunities that this A podcast by our professionals who share a sneak peek at life inside Deloitte. endobj View in article, Juan Pedro Tomás, “ABB pilots industrial AI application using 5G,” Enterprise IoT Insights, June 7, 2019. With the advent of Release 16 in June 2020, 5G is poised to drive massive changes in the way companies work, particularly in the manufacturing industry. However, the most advanced versions of LTE may be more spectrally efficient than Wi-Fi, and it also offers network slicing, although only of the radio network. endobj Maintaining and replacing them is expensive, not just due to parts and labor costs, but also because of the interruption to production. By improving the efficiency of existing processes, 5G has the potential to drive huge productivity gains. 6 0 obj View in article, Ericsson, “Troubleshooting made easier with augmented reality,” January 12, 2018. Today, these facilities operate with a mix of wired and wireless technologies, but many companies are adopting new equipment that they expect to transform their business—but that won’t work with wires. Extra sensors at ground level provide additional information. In fact, many companies may initially choose to deploy 5G only for greenfield sites, creating islands of private 5G adoption among a heterogenous mix of connectivity technologies at legacy sites. Like a PBX, a private 5G network is internally self-contained, but it also needs to be connected to the external network. 9 0 obj Regulators should determine how much, if any, spectrum to make available to companies’ private networks. 1 0 obj He is a frequent commentator on television, radio, online, and press. View in article, Light Reading, “How can CoMP extend 5G NR to high capacity & ultra-reliable communications?,” July 11, 2018. <> endobj 8 0 obj View in article, Markus Fasse and Stephan Scheuer, “Carmakers want their own 5G networks,” Handelsblatt Today, October 29, 2018. Other industries can reinvent processes using 5G as well. In fact, in the medium term (through 2026 or so), most companies will likely deploy 5G in combination with existing connectivity, including wired Ethernet networks. Over the next five years, however, private 5G networks will become cost-effective enough for many sites to skip wires entirely, or at least to have as few as possible. The very largest companies are likely to install private 5G networks using fully owned infrastructure and dedicated spectrum (in markets where this is permitted), managing these networks either through an in-house team or via an outsourced mobile operator.
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