[ lĭth ′ə-sfîr′ ] The outer part of the Earth, consisting of the crust and upper mantle. Lithosphere is composed of rocks, soil and minerals. "What Is Tectonic Shift?" “Affect” vs. “Effect”: Use The Correct Word Every Time. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Introduction to Convergent Plate Boundaries, Everything You Need to Know About the Lithosphere, Orogeny: How Mountains Form Through Plate Tectonics, Geodesy and the Size and Shape of the Planet Earth, Learn About the History and Principles of Plate Tectonics, "Seismic Evidence for the Stratified Lithosphere in the South of the North China Craton. • While lithosphere is hard and rigid, Asthenosphere is a layer made up of molten rocks. It includes the planet's mantle and crust, the two outermost layers. The name 'lithosphere' comes from the Greek words lithos, meaning 'rocky,' and sphaeros, meaning 'sphere.'. National Ocean Service. Note: Lithosphäre was introduced by the Austrian geologist Eduard Suess (1831-1914) in Die Entstehung der Alpen (Vienna, 1875), p. 158. Hydrodynamics: Natural Water Bodies. The troposphere, where about three-quarters of all atmospheric mass can be found, stretches from about 8 to 14.5 kilometers above the earth's surface. "Earth's Atmospheric Layers." lithosphere. The lithosphere is largely important because it is the area that the biosphere (the living things on earth) inhabit and live upon. The lithosphere is subdivided into tectonic plates. Select a subject to preview related courses: Continental lithosphere is thicker than seafloor lithosphere, and the crust layer of it has a different chemical composition. courses that prepare you to earn Princeton Joins Open Education Movement, But How Many Students Will Benefit? The lithosphere includes the brittle upper portion of the mantle and the crust, the outermost layers of Earths structure. The first is in the context of studying the Earth as a system, a set of interrelated processes, where the word is used very broadly to identify what goes on within the solid part of the Earth; basically, everything below the ground surface. 285, no. © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. "High-Altitude Shorebird Migration in the Absence of Topographical Barriers: Avoiding High Air Temperatures and Searching for Profitable Winds." To cook in water, just below boiling temperature. Beyond this lies the stratosphere, which rises to 50 kilometers above the planet. It is broken into about a dozen separate, rigid blocks, or plates (see plate tectonics). Interesting, huh? Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. https://www.thefreedictionary.com/lithosphere. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Updates? This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020, Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition This includes oceans, rivers, and lakes, as well as underground aquifers and the moisture in the atmosphere. In terms of density, _____ rocks are much denser than continental rocks. The outer layer of the Earth, comprising the crust and the upper part of the mantle. The lithosphere is divided into about 12 major tectonic plates and several minor plates that fit together like a jigsaw puzzle. The movement of the plates away from, towards, and past each other is known as plate tectonics. The lithosphere is the outermost 'sphere' of the solid Earth, consisting of the crust and the upper part of the mantle. Although the rocks of the lithosphere are still considere… 823-833., 15 Apr. Freshmen: Are You Protecting Your Belongings From Theft in the Dorms? The air of our planet is 79% nitrogen and just under 21% oxygen; the small amount remaining is composed of argon, carbon dioxide, and other trace gasses., The atmosphere itself rises to about 10,000 kilometers in height and is divided into four zones. The outer part of the earth, consisting of the crust and upper mantle, about 100 kilometers (62 miles) thick. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. The lithosphere is where we live. The shape and location of modern continents were all caused by the _____ of the lithosphere. Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? The increased thickness is due to the fact that the rocks of the continental crust have been stacked up due to plate collisions over long periods of time. The lithosphere, sometimes called the geosphere, refers to all of the rocks of the earth. Search for and circle or highlight the words that will complete each of the given clues. ", "High-Altitude Shorebird Migration in the Absence of Topographical Barriers: Avoiding High Air Temperatures and Searching for Profitable Winds. Subsurface loading and estimates of the flexural rigidities of continental, Acta geodynamica et geomaterialia are devoted to geodynamics of the upper part of Earth's crust and relations between natural factors and human activity (local natural and induced seismic activities, an earthquake hazard, natural slope stability, physical properties of rocks), geophysical and geological investigations of, This is a key question in the planet's evolution as biological activity plays a major role in its hydrosphere, atmosphere and, 12 ( ANI ): The Greenland ice sheet is melting from below, caused by a high heat flow from the mantle into the, The main emphasis is on the atmosphere as a multiphase system, but the interfacial chemistry of atmospheric relationships with the hydrosphere, the, We also know that these causes operate on different time scales and that atmospheric climate involves complex feedback effects with the hydrosphere, the biosphere and the, Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary, the webmaster's page for free fun content, Determination of effective elastic thickness of the Colombian Andes using satellite-derived gravity data, The lithosphere; geochemistry, geology and geophysics, Igneous Rock Associations 7. Scientists estimate the total amount at about 1.3 billion cubic kilometers. In the asthenosphere, the rocks behave like plastic and flows more easily due to the high _____. The _____ lithosphere is broken into many individual pieces called plates.
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