The verb with the infinitive ending removed is called the stem or radical. A great way to do this is to classify the verbs that you come across as those which are followed by the prepositions à (at, to) and de (of, from) or nothing at all. (Learning Chinese is difficult.). The infinitive form is totally without tense. Prévenir, c’est guérir. Because the infinitive has no number or person marker, it’s known as an impersonal verb mood. -re such as vendre (to sell) Recognising that verbs take different forms, including the infinitive and giving opinions Free trial Subjects > French > Upper Key Stage 2 > Year 5 > Verbs in a French week > Lesson 1: French – action! Each tense in French has a different set of endings for verbs. Present :-e, -es, -e, -ons, -ez, -ent; Imperfect : -ais, -ais, -ait, -ions, -iez, -aient The infinitive is the non conjugated form of the verb. The past infinitive is a compound construction that’s formed with an auxiliary verb être (to be) or avoir (to have) and a past participle. The infinitive form is totally without tense. An infinitive is a verb form in which no one is performing the action. When the subject is implied but not explicitly stated: The sentence Il faut que tu dormes (You must sleep) can be written using the infinitive as Il faut dormir (You must sleep). Quelle méthode choisir ? (Elise is happy to have moved. Second criteria in which the ending of the verb varies: the tense. Different Uses of the French Infinitive. Write the infinitive or a conjugated form and the French Conjugator will provide you a list of all the verb tenses and persons: future, participle, present, subjunctive, auxiliary verb. Both elements of a negative construction precede the infinitive: Ne jamais laisser la fenêtre ouverte. Verbs that relate to seeing or hearing, such as, Verbs that relate to movement of some kind and do not have a direct object, such as, There are some common verbs that can be followed by, Some verbs can be followed by a person’s name or by a noun relating to a person, and then by, The following verbs meaning asking or telling are also followed by. In French, an infinitive has one of three endings: -er, -ir, or -re. It’s a lot of verb conjugations to digest, right? A note on word order and the past infinitive: In day-to-day French, negative constructions precede the infinitive. In the case of French, you first encounter verbs like être (to be) and avoir (to have), in their unconjugated, unadulterated form. can take anywhere. If an additional verb is required to make a sentence meaningful, it must be employed in the infinitive. They’re going to end up getting divorced. S’entraîner souvent (practice often) and your French will improve. ), Après avoir mangé, j’étais moins énérvé(e). © 2020 Enux Education Limited. Just like with practicing scales on an instrument, it pays to stay on top of the infinitive, so you can locate it and use it in a sentence at the drop of a hat. ), Apprendre le chinois est difficile. In French, an infinitive has one of three endings: -er, -ir, or -re. Imperfect tense (it’s a tense of the past). (Put on a safety helmet. Shortly thereafter, you begin to conjugate said verbs and incorporate them into complete sentences with all the new vocabulary you’ve learned. So, speaking of word order, let’s talk about word order in the context of the French infinitive. Amazon and the Amazon logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc, or its affiliates. Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window).
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