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Sarah Jane

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king of ur

His artifacts could easily be found in any Sumerian tomb of this period. PG 1054, the tomb associated with King Meskalamdug, and PG 1050 associated with Akalamdug, are on the middle right. So any excuse would do. He is shown kicking the enemy (which is commonly shown on cylinder seals to symbolize fighting, conflict, and war), thus demonstrating the violence of the attack – or he is stomping on something. Besides, there cannot be two Kings of Kish, two "King of Kings".If a king on the Standard of Ur can be identified by the standard he carries, it means there are two other kings in the battle scene. Later in his career, Eannatum would be called a king. There are no other examples of anyone wearing this helmet who was not a King of Kish. Also see a magnified view of the front and back of the stele. They wear distinctive "angled-skirts". Ancient Ur. I was able to find many Akkadian cylinder seal impressions showing the kind of skirt that was short, split in front, and angled. Initially, he held the position of Sagina - general manager or military - in the city of Ur on behalf of the king of Uruk and its military activities contributed to an advantage over the Gutians, who had conquered Akkad, controlled of Sumer and the rest of Mesopotamia. Otherwise they are treated quite leniently. Even if the son died before his father, he may have been old enough before his death to have ruled Ur as a royal governor during the many absences of his father, while Eannatum was away at war. Both gestures are appropriate in a procession honoring Eannatum, since he is both a king and a god. • W. F. Albright, "The Babylonian Antediluvian Kings", Journal of the American Oriental Society, 43 (1923), pp. The kingship was also "taken" to foreign lands after an invasion, for instance, by the Gutians and the Hamazi. The standard was found almost by itself in an empty chamber of the tomb. Ur, modern Tall al-Muqayyar or Tell el-Muqayyar, Iraq, important city of ancient southern Mesopotamia (), situated about 140 miles (225 km) southeast of the site of Babylon and about 10 miles (16 km) west of the present bed of the Euphrates River.In antiquity the river ran much closer to the city; the change in its course has left the ruins in a desert that once was irrigated and fertile land. It shows a Sumerian and an Akkadian involved in a struggle together, not against each other. The losers also had to pay tribute (taxes) to the victorious king. 4) We don’t know when the tomb was built, which would pinpoint the standard’s date in Sumerian history, and 5) Even if we knew when the tomb was built, there's very little in the historic record to confirm any claims about the king’s identity.So, given all these difficulties, how can we even begin to guess the identity of the king on the Standard of Ur?Fortunately, the best clue to the king’s identity can be found on the standard itself. A more ample vestige of Sumerian law is the so-called…. Having a precise date would considerably reduce the number of possibilities for the king’s identity. Daily Life. It's believed that Eannatum was killed in battle, and his sudden death would have been a time of grave crisis for his empire, necessitating the assumption of power by an older, more experienced man. Ur-Nammu was…, …of many powerful kings, including Ur-Nammu (reigned 2112–2095 bc), first king of the 3rd dynasty of Ur. The great Ziggurat of ancient Ur was built by King Ur-Nammu who ruled the area of ancient Ur around 2100 BC. That's probably because of the simple and generic style in which all the faces are drawn, with large eyes and big noses. The Standard of Ur is done in the same artistic style as Eannatum's Vulture Stele, and the depictions of Ur-Nanshe, Eannatum's grandfather. It must be remembered that Eannatum was the Alexander of his day, widely admired by friends and enemies alike as a great king and conqueror. I use the name "Akkad" because this is how it's most commonly known today. After all, one naked man pretty much resembles another, at least in terms of his nationality. We do know there were many kings of the various city-states in the 1,500 years of Sumerian history. He is best known as the king who composed the first complete law code in the world, 'The Code of Ur-Nammu' - the Oldest Law Book. Notice the square damaged area beneath the fallen enemy. The Royal Standard of Ur is the icon of Sumerian civilization. This is not entirely implausible, so in the meantime, I will leave it to the reader to make up his own mind about it. Although depictions of Sumerian and Akkadian battles are somewhat "formulaic", these are the only two known examples where the king is shown fighting on foot and in a chariot. I would futher suggest that this is the king of Mari, the Akkadian ally of the King of Kish. By propaganda I don't mean deliberate lies or half truths, but “information put out by an organization or government [or king] to promote a policy, cause, or idea ”. These are the only two known examples of this particular format. This led others to believe that the smaller PG 755 was not the tomb of King Meskalamdug, but it perhaps belonged to Meskalamdug's "grandson", who was buried with the legacy of his more illustrious grandfather (see a modern reconstruction of PG 755).Mes-Ane-pada:  We know from his cylinder seal that he was the King of Kish. Other than that, we know little or nothing about them. As previously mentioned, Mesanepada would be my second choice for the king on the Standard of Ur, and one would expect to find his grave in the same vicinity as the other kings of Ur. Circa 2340 - 2150 B.C.The Akkadians seemed to have worn the angled-skirts throughout their entire history. Pictures of it appear in most of the books and websites devoted to Sumerian history. Unfortunately, the tomb was thoroughly looted in antiquity, so it's not known who is buried there. (Note: though it is shown on the side, the "double-curve" panel actually represents the front of the chariot, which normally cannot be seen when the chariot is viewed from the side, but it's been turned toward the viewer to show its shape. window.document.write("